While Umbrians and Etruscans were the first inhabitants of our land, Castiglione della Pescaia was first recorded as Salebrone in Roman times. The hill close to the coast proved to be an exellent location, as it dominated also the big inland Prelius Lake, providing fish and salt.

In Medieval times the town suffered from pirate attacks and almost dissappered. It resurfaced in the 9th century under its current name, with protection of the Papacy and Pisa Repuplic. The Pisans used Castiglione as a key element in the defence system along Tyrrhenian coast. They built first a single tower on the top of the hill, later expanded that to three towers joined by a wall that became a nucleus of the citadel. The castle of Castiglione dominates the city seal to this day.

In the 13th century Castiglione became an indipendent comune. Meanwhile the river Ombrone had started silting up Lake Prile, which soon became a swamp, malaria mosquitoes took hold, weakening the population of the town. Castiglione requested protection fron various poker (Siena, the Medici, Aragon) and finally became part of the Grand Dukedom of Tuscany under the dynasty of Lorraine. The house of Loreeain starded a series of projects that enchanced the lives of Castiglionesi. But the fight for draining swamps to increase the amount of arable land and to kill malaria continued for the centuries.

After Tuscany became part of Italy in 1859, Castiglione became a comune in the province of Grosseto.

 

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While Umbrians and Etruscans were the first inhabitants of our land, Castiglione della Pescaia was first recorded as Salebrone in Roman times. The hill close to the coast proved to be an exellent location, as it dominated also the big inland Prelius Lake, providing fish and salt.

In Medieval times the town suffered from pirate attacks and almost dissappered. It resurfaced in the 9th century under its current name, with protection of the Papacy and Pisa Repuplic. The Pisans used Castiglione as a key element in the defence system along Tyrrhenian coast. They built first a single tower on the top of the hill, later expanded that to three towers joined by a wall that became a nucleus of the citadel. The castle of Castiglione dominates the city seal to this day.

In the 13th century Castiglione became an indipendent....read more